食われる, 食える-Passive, Potential Form.

食われる, 食える-Passive, Potential Form.

May 13, 2018 1 By KakkoiiMan

Today we will study the Potential, Passive Form. We will use an excerpt from Tokyo Ghoul to try and learn Japanese Together.

 

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アンタ… 何で食われてないの?

Why are you not eating?

えっ だって リぜに

Is it because of Rize

・・・・? でも その服

but those clothes

We can see from the convo that the Main Character does not want to eat.  He is asked

アンタ… 何で食われてないの?

You….Why are you not eating?

The ないの is a more casual form of ませんか Wont you do something The の is an informal question marking particle in this form. Separate from the possessive form we are use to with の It can also add emotion to the statement.

The form  何で- 何/nani, +で = Why

食われて is the Passive form of the Verb 食う to eat the form similar to 食べる/taberu but it has more meanings like to sting or bite. This maybe confusing because 食われる Which means to be eaten or to be stung.

The form with うVerb you add the verb 食うDrop the う 食+われる it becomes 食われる it is a bit confusing at first.

Form

るVerb dropるAddられる

食べるー食べられる

みるー見られる

うVerbs drop うOr る Change the syllable to an あ sounding So

買うー買われる

泳ぐー泳がれる

Of course with verbs we have the two exception Irregular Verbs

するーされる

くるーこられる

This form is used when there is no direct object effecting the verb or if you don’t know who did a certain thing. This form can also show an omission of the person who is doing something. Like in the example Literal meaning Being done

She is asking him why he isn’t eating he is the subject of the sentence but it is omitted.

There are more uses of this form but I wanted to give a taste for it and show how it is formed. Sites like  Maggie Sensei & Tae Kim’s   

These two sites which I still frequent will give a better break down. This is a study session to use Grammar and Vocabulary using Manga, Anime, and Real Dialogue so we can learn how it is used.

 

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摩訶不思議   (愛媛の化け狸 校長 隠神刑部)

Mysterious           (Ehime’s Supernatural Tanuki, Principal)

人間は普通ここに来れんのになあ

Humans can not come here usually

まあでも 折角来たんやし 転校を

Well、Because It took alot of effort for me to get here.

転校を許可します

Transfer Approved

待って!!

Wait!!

Here we see the use of the Potential form

人間は普通ここに来れんのになあ

here the 来れん Is the casual use of the potential form

来れん which is こられる the 来れん Is the shorten informal form of こられる

Formal こられる

Informal 来れ the ん also is an informal form of ない

So in this form this tells the listener and reader that the person can do something

食べられるーCan eat

見られるーCan Look

So 来れん Mean’s can not come It is the shorten form of こられない Just drop the ら to get これない and the final shorten of this is 来れん

Confusing I know The context is what separates the meaning between Passive and Potential.

窓を開けられている The window is open(This is telling the listener that some one has opened the window and the ている Is the state stating it’s in a continuous state, So someone opened the window prior. The window has stayed open ever since. The Passive form is used because no one is doing the immediate action. The action has already been happened.

窓を開けられてくれてください Can You please closed the window for me ( This is a polite way of asking someone if they can physically perform the action of the verb.  てくれる Is a form when someone is doing something for you)

窓を開けられてくれていただきませんか

Same meaning as

窓を開けられてくれてください

But more polite

Roughly it means Won’t you please open the window for me?

あげる Is when you are giving something to someone or performing an action for someone else. So

窓を開けられてあげている

I opened the window for someone else.  Still using the Potential form but changing the intention.

The conjugation for the Potential Form is the same for るverbs but different for うverbs

Instead of changing the syllable to an あ Sound we change it to an え Sound

So、うverb

買うー買える BuyーCan Buy

泳ぐー泳げる SwimーCan Swim

The two exceptions

するーできる

くるーこられる

***できる/できます is the Potential Form of する but there is also another function of  できます that works with the が Particle.

Noun が できます Is the formation of this used. for ga/が  Particle Click Here.

できます – To finish something or something is done. Different than the てしまうForm Click Here。It also means to to be made, to come into being, come up.

例えば Example

朝ご飯ができますーThis could mean I can do breakfast。But it means roughly

Breakfast is made.

来週 家に遊ぶに行けんですか

Can hang out at my house next week?

来週 日曜日にできます

Next week Sunday we can do it. ( Next Week Sunday it will Come into Being that I will hang out.)

I did not use が in this sentence because ni is the particle you use to specify the day you will go hang out.

Please contribute in the comments below

 

Any mistakes that i  have made, anything that I may have missed. Please comment, this is not a lesson but a study session. Your  input is vital.

I will take your comment and add it to the Study Session. We can master Japanese Together

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みなさま 頑張りましょう

じゃあ また