Today we will study the Word 邪魔 じゃま Jyama. We will use an excerpt from City Hunter to try and learn Japanese Together.
No one will get in my way
I am by no means an expert in Japanese. I am still a learner as you maybe, so in the essence of learning Japanese Together. I have come across a line from the City Hunter Manga Issue 1 that i am currently reading.
Ryo Saeba is investigating a Killer who has just abducted an HighSchool Girl. The Killer is the one brandishing the weapon in the Photo above and he does not want anyone getting in the way of his fun.
Thus he uses the word 邪魔 Which means Obstruction, or in the case of this sentence His way. おれの邪魔は Ore no Jyama (My way) the の particle is possessive it tells the reader or listener that it is his way no one else’s. The は which usually means HA but when used in speaking it is read as WA. The は particle is the Topic marking particle. So The topic is “His Way” or “Hinder Him”
Next we have だれにもさせん
誰/だれ dare -Means Who
Example あそこに誰が男ですか-Who is that guy over there?
In this short sentence the speaker is asking Who that particular person is over there. Click Here to study theが/ga particle. Together we will learn the meaning of the が/ga particle and how it is used.
In the excerpt we see 誰にも/だれにも/darenimo When we use dare we have established it means who, but there are many more ways of using dare. adding the particleか/ka usually states a question like 元気ですか(げんき) How are you? or Are you well?
So lets combine か/ka with dare some will think it means Who? in english this would make sense but so far from what i’ve learned in Japanese だれか would mean Someone
I’ve only learned this grammar pattern, if you can explain it more in detail I graciously thank you, leave a comment below please and thank you . Ok back to the study session.
誰にも/darnimo means anybody/everybody adding the particles Ni にand Mo もtransforms the word into anybody. The same way kaか transformed Who into Someone.
Coupled with a negative ending sentence this will magically transform from Anyone to No One, or not anybody.
Which brings us to the last part of the sentence, させん/sasen
させん is the Causative from of the word suruする which means to do. Causative means you make someone do something. So in the case of the sentence suru/するmorphs into sasen /させん, sasen /させん is the negative form of the causative form させる/saseru. So Nobody will make him not have his fun, Or Nobody will get in his way. The fun is context from a previous conversation the killer had. Japanese is a very contextual language so its important to pay attention to dialogue.
Like I said I am in no way an expert and this post is for learning purposes if i’ve made a mistake please help us out We can learn together.
Leave a Comment Below with any questions or suggestions.